Introduction to Veer Savarkar
Veer Savarkar was born on 28 May 1883 in Bhagalpur, a village in Nashik, and died on 26 February 1966 in Bombay (now Mumbai). His full name is Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. He was a freedom fighter, politician, lawyer, social reformer, and the founder of the philosophy of Hindutva. Let us read more about Veer Savarkar, why he is known as Veer Savarkar and his contribution to the national freedom struggle.
His father’s name was Damodarpant Savarkar and his mother’s name was Radhabai. He lost his parents at an early age. He was heavily influenced by his elder brother Ganesh (Babarao).
Facts about Veer Savarkar
Name – Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
Date of birth: May 28, 1883
Died: February 26, 1966
Place of Birth: Bhagalpur, Nashik (Maharashtra)
Death of Death: Mumbai
Cause of Death: Fasting (Salilkhan Prayaptvesa)
Father’s Name: Damodar Savarkar
Mother’s Name: Yashoda Savarkar
Brother: Ganesh and Narayan
Political Party: Hindu Mahasabha
Religious Views: Atheists
Education: Bachelor of Arts from Ferguson College, Pune, Maharashtra
Profession: Lawyer, politician, writer, and activist
Barrister at the Honorable Society of Grays Inn, London
Jail Yatra: Veer Savarkar was kept in jail by the British for almost 50 years. He was transferred to Cellular Jail, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
famous slogan: “Hinduize all Politics and Militarise Hindudom”.
Famous as: For his contribution to the Indian Independence Movement.
Who was Veer Savarkar and his contributions to the Freedom struggle movement?
Veer Savarkar was born in a Brahmin Hindu family on May 28, 1883, in Bhagour, Nashik district. His siblings were Ganesh, Manabi, and Narayan. He was known for his bravery and hence the earned nickname ‘Veer’ who is a courageous man. He was influenced by his elder brother Ganesh who played an influential role in his teenage life.
Veer Savarkar was also a revolutionary youth. When he was younger, he organized a youth group called ‘Mitra Mela’. He was inspired by radical political leaders such as Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal and engaged the group in revolutionary activities. He enrolled in ‘Ferguson College’ in Pune and completed his bachelor’s degree.
He received an offer to study law in England and was awarded a scholarship. He was assisted by Shyamji Krishna Varma to send him to England and study. He enrolled in ‘Grace in Law College’ and took refuge in ‘India House’.
It was a student residence in North London. In London, Veer Savarkar inspired his fellow Indian students and formed an organization ‘Free India Society’ to fight the British for independence.
When and why did the British first enter Indian territory?
On the lines of the ‘Revolt of 1857’, Veer Savarkar thought of guerrilla warfare to achieve independence. He wrote a book called “The Independence of the War of the Indian Independence”, which inspired many Indians to fight the British for independence. Although the book was banned by the British, it gained popularity in many countries. Not only this, but they also fought manual bombs and guerrilla warfare and distributed it among friends. He also provided legal protection to his friend Madan Lal Dhingra, who was an accused in the murder of a British Indian Army officer named Sir William Hut Curzon Vayali.
How was he sentenced to 50 years imprisonment?
Meanwhile, Veer Savarkar’s elder brother in India opposed the ‘Indian Council Act 1909’, also known as the Minto-Morley Reform. Further, with protests, the British police claimed that Veer Savarkar had conspired in the crime and issued a warrant against him. To avoid arrest, Veer Savarkar fled to Paris and took refuge there at Bhikaji Cama’s residence. On 13 March 1910, he was arrested by the British police, but when the French authorities did not initiate proper legal proceedings to arrest Veer Savarkar in Paris, the French government was irritated.
The Permanent Court of International Arbitration was handling the dispute between the British authorities and the French government and gave the verdict in 1911. Let me tell you that the verdict came against Veer Savarkar and he was sentenced to 50 years imprisonment and sent back. Bombay Later, on 4 July 1911, he was taken to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. There, he was lodged in the ‘Cellular Jail’ in Kalapani. He was tortured a lot in jail. But his sense of national independence remained and he began to teach his fellow prisoners reading and writing. He also sought permission from the government to start a basic library in the jail.
Work is done by Veer Savarkar in jail
During his prison time, he made an ideological pamphlet known as Hindutva: Who is a Hindu? ‘And it was published by Savarkar’s supporters. In the pamphlet, he described the Hindu as a patriotic and proud resident of ‘Bharatavarsha’ (India) and therefore influenced many Hindus. He described many religions like Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Hinduism. According to him, all these religions can support the creation of ‘Akhand Bharat’ (United India or Greater India).
He was a self-proclaimed atheist, always proud of being a Hindu, and called it a political and cultural identity. Savarkar was released from prison on 6 January 1924 and was instrumental in forming the ‘Ratnagiri Hindu Sabha’. The purpose of this organization was to preserve the social and cultural heritage of Hindus.
In 1937, Veer Savarkar became the president of the Hindu Mahasabha. On the other hand and at the same time, Muhammad Ali Jinnah declared the rule of the Congress to be a ‘Hindu Raj’, which made the already growing tension between Hindus and Muslims worse. Veer Savarkar is a president of the ‘Hindu Mahasabha’, who encouraged Hindus to support the British in World War II.
On the other hand, Veer Savarkar was a staunch critic of the Indian National Congress (INC) and Mahatma Gandhi. He opposed the ‘Quit India Movement’ and later objected to the INC accepting Indian partition. He proposed the co-existence of two nations in one country.
What factors contributed to the development of modern nationalism during British rule?
Veer Savarkar: Film
Kala Pani was a Malayalam film made in 1996 by Veer Savarkar directed by Priyadarshan. Annu Kapoor acted as Veer Savarkar.